[Prepositions] – Lesson 6: Prepositions after adjectives

Prepositions after adjectives
afraid of something
afraid of doing something
She is afraid of driving on motorways.
Are you afraid of the dark?
angry about something
angry with somebody
I am really angry about what she did.
Why did she do it? I am really angry with her.
concerned about something I’m concerned about his exam results.
pleased with someone / something I was very pleased with his performance.
sorry about something
sorry for doing something
Was she sorry about the mistake?
I’m sorry for being late.
good at something He is good at languages.

 

(un)aware of something Is he aware of the problem?
dependent on something She is still dependent on her parents.
famous for something He is famous for his sporting achievements.
impressed by/with something I was very impressed by his performance.
similar to something His interests are similar to those of his brother.
upset about something I was really upset about it.
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[Prepositions] – Lesson 5: Prepositional verbs

A prepositional verb is when we have a verb + preposition. The preposition must be followed by an object.

Here are some examples of prepositional verbs.

Prepositional verbs
to agree to something to accept
I don’t think he will ever agree to such a plan.
to apologise for something to say you are sorry for something
I apologize for not replying to your letter sooner.
to apply for something to formally ask someone for something such as a job or permission to do something
Why didn’t you apply for a bank loan?
to complain to somebody about something/somebody to say you are annoyed about something
If the service is not satisfactory, you should complain to the customer service about it.
to conform to something to be in accordance with something
This signal system doesn’t conform to the official safety standards.
to consist of something to mention all of the things that something contains
The delegation consists of over 200 people, including interpreters and journalists.
to hear from somebody when someone, especially someone you know well, writes to you or telephones you
When was the last time you heard from him?
to insist on something to say that something must happen or somebody must do something
I insist on speaking to the head of the office.
to refer to something to talk about somebody or something in a conversation, speech or a piece of writing
Everyone knows who she was referring to in her speech.

 

[Prepositions] – Lesson 4: Prepositions “in, on, at”

Prepositions: in, on, at
in on at
inside an area or space: 
in the city, in the sky, in bed
in contact with a surface: 
on the wall, on the table, onthe floor
close to:
at the table, at the bus stop
forms of transport:
in a car, in a taxi, in a helicopter
forms of transport:
on a bike, on a bus, on a train, on the metro, on a plane,on a ship
before nouns referring to a place or position: 
at the top, at the bottom at the front, at the back at the beginning, at the end

BUT in the middle
arrive in a city, country:
arrive in London, arrive inFrance
arrive at a small place:
arrive at the station, at the meeting, at the office
when expressing ‘towards’:
look at something, point atsomething, smile at someone

[Prepositions] – Lesson 3: Prepositions of time

Prepositions of time
in on at
years
in 1998, in 2012
days of the week
on Thursday, on Friday
hours of the clock
at 7.30, at 8 o’clock
months
in January, in February
dates
on 28 June, on 25 October
religious festivals
at Easter, at Christmas
parts of the day
in the morningin the afternoon, in the evening BUT at night)
on Monday morning
on Thursday evening
on Friday night
points in time
at the beginning, at the end of the week
seasons
in spring, in summer, in autumn, in winter

 

Prepositions of time (during, for, over, by, until)
We use during to talk about something that happens within a particular period of time, to say when something takes place. We use during to talk about something that happens within the same time as another event. During my time in London I visited a lot of interesting places.

He came to work during the morning meeting.

We use over or in to talk about something that has been happening continuously up until the present, or will happen continuously in the future. We’ve had a lot of problems over / in the last few months.
We expect a rise in sales over / in the next few months.
We use for to say how long something continues. I can only come for a few minutes.
I was waiting for him for two hours.
We use by to say that something will happen or be achieved before a particular time. It has to be finished by two o’clock.
He should return by the end of March.
We use until to say that something will continue up to a particular time. We’ll be here until July.
The concert went on until eleven o’clock.
We use in to express a time (in the future) from now. I’m going on holiday in a week. (one week from now)
I’ll be back in five minutes. (five minutes from now)

[Prepositions] – Lesson 2: Prepositions of direction

repositions of direction show us to where or in which direction something moves.

Here are some of the most common:

to to
We went to London last week.

He sent a message to his mother.
 from from
He lives in Canada but he’s from New York.
We cycled from Paris to Brussels in five days.
 up up
The hikers walked up the hill.
 down down
The ball rolled down the hill.
 into ininto
He put the money in / into his pocket.
The man fell in / into the river.
 out of out, out of
She took her purse out / out of her bag.
She got out / out of the car and walked to the house.

 over over
The thief climbed over the fence.
The cat jumped over the wall.
 over over
The plane flew over London.
 under under
The cat crawled under the fence.
The secret tunnel ran under the Berlin Wall.
 round round, around
The walked round / around the other side of the church.
through through
They drove through the tunnel.
Water runs through
 pipes to your house.

[Prepositions] – Lesson 1: Prepositions of place

Prepositions of place show us the position of an object in relation to something else.

Here are some of the most common prepositions of place:

on on He’s sitting on the sofa.
I slept on the floor.
 under under below
Your shoes are under the chair.
There’s a cupboard under the stairs.
 next to next to very near, side by side
Sally likes sitting next to her best friend in class
.
A car passenger usually sits next to the driver.
in front of in front of in the direction the thing faces
We parked in front of the cinema.
She stood in front of the mirror.
 behind behind at the back of
There’s a big garden behind the house
.
 between between The small boy slept between his mother and father.
Their house is between the church and the football field.
 among among in a group of many, belonging to a group
He is among the richest people in the world.
There were three Africans among the gold medalists.