[Pronouns] – Lesson 1: Personal pronouns

Personal pronouns
Gender Subject pronoun Object pronoun Examples
male / female I me I saw John yesterday.
John saw me yesterday.
male / female you you You like John.
John likes you.
male he him He loves Angela.
Angela loves him.
female she her She knows David.
David knows her.
(things, animals)
it it It costs a lot of money.
Eric bought it.
male / female
we us We saw John.
John saw us.
male / female
you you Do you both live here?
I’ll show you both the garden.
male / female
they them They live together in Paris.
We met them in Spain.



It or he and she for animals?

We mainly use it when speaking about animals. If the animal is a pet, we often use he / him or she / her:

  • The cat’s ill – I’m going to take her to the vet.
  • Our dog sleeps outside in summer but he comes inside in winter.

Ships are sometimes referred to as she / her:

  • The ship was designed in France, but she was built in Italy.
  • RMS Titanic sank in April 1912. She was on her maiden voyage.

When we don’t know the person’s gender: hehe or she or they

English has several ways of using a pronoun to represent a person whose gender we do not know, e.g. a visitor, a traveller, a teacher, a driver, a guest, someone, etc. Take a look at these examples:

  • There’s someone at the door – let him in, please.
  • There’s someone at the door – let them in, please.
  • When a guest arrives, they can go straight to their room.
  • When a guest arrives, he or she can go straight to their room.
  • When a guest arrives, he can go straight to his room.

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