[Adverbs] – Lesson 1: What are adverbs?

Adverbs
We use an adverb to say how an action is performed. He speaks English fluently.
She answered correctly.
We use an adverb to add information about the time/place/manner. How long have you lived here?
We can use an adverb to add information to an adjective. She was extremely happy to see him again.
really hate travelling by train.

 

Forms of adverbs
Most adverbs are formed by adding -ly to an adjective.
There are some exceptions – irregular adverbs.
nicely, quickly, beautifully, happily, economically
If the adjective ends in -ic we add ally. basic – basically, dramatic – dramatically
Some adverbs are irregular: they have the same form as the adjective.

The adjective good is irregular: its adverb form iswell.

fast, daily, late, early, hard

good – well

 

Adverbs – common mistakes
Common mistakes Correct version Why?
The camera works perfect. The camera works perfectly. We use an adverb
(perfectly – adverb, perfect – adjective) when we want to say how we do something.
Did you work hardly today? Did you work hard today? Some adverbs have the same form as the adjective: hard – hard, fast – fast, late – late.
She behaved rather sillily.

She passed the exam difficultly.

She behaved in a silly way.

She passed the exam with difficulty.

Some adjectives (including many ending in -ly) don’t have an adverb equivalent. Instead, we use an adverbial phrase (in a friendly manner, in a silly way, with difficulty).
His answer sounded correctly.
He looks happily.
His answer sounded correct.
He looks happy.
After linking verbs (looksound,tastesmellfeelseem) we use adjectives, not adverbs.

 

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